Encyclopedia

What is Internet protocol? – IP definition, etc.
What is Internet Protocol (IP)?
  • Know-how

When networking a computer system, protocols play an important role. An example is the Internet Protocol, which was published in a first specification in 1981, and is the indispensable basis for the smooth sending and receiving of data packets. But what is behind the RFC standard? And how does the internet protocol actually work?

What is Internet Protocol (IP)?
How to Disable Cookies
Disabling cookies: how to turn off cookies in your browser
  • Website creation

Cookies serve various purposes on the internet: primarily, they store user data in order to facilitate easy operation of web pages and to make certain web applications available. But they can also be used to track user activity and intrude on user privacy. There are therefore good reasons to either partially disable, i.e. allow them only on certain pages, or completely disable cookies. You can do...

Disabling cookies: how to turn off cookies in your browser
Sitemap
Sitemaps – Here’s what you need to know
  • Website creation

Sitemaps belong to the standard features of a website, but they seem to be gradually disappearing from the World Wide Web. Some online presences hide the navigation file or even forgo it completely. We explain why search engines like Google still give sitemaps a lot of attention, how important sitemaps are for SEO as a result, and how you can create sitemaps yourself – manually or with a sitemap...

Sitemaps – Here’s what you need to know
Arpanet | Definition & history of the internet predecessor
ARPANET: The internet in its infancy
  • Web development

Before the internet, there was Arpanet. In the beginning, the network was only four computers, yet, it was extremely important for the development of the digital world. During the Cold War, several American scientists and technicians created the cornerstones of a global network. Learn more about the interesting history of Arpanet and the network’s technical achievements.

ARPANET: The internet in its infancy
URL: What is a Uniform Resource Locator?
URL: definition and areas of application
  • Know-how

The Uniform Resource Locator (short: URL) is one of the basic standard tools of the internet. URLs make it easy to uniquely identify resources on the internet and find their location. Internet users use webpage URLs to surf the web, follow hyperlinks or download files. The concept is based on a human tangible syntax that is automatically read out and interpreted by machines.

URL: definition and areas of application
What is Twitch? TV for the gaming scene!
Twitch: TV for gamers
  • Online sales

Despite slipping under the radar for many internet users, video streaming platform, Twitch, has quietly established itself as a new form of online entertainment, enjoyed by millions of people around the world. Using this platform, people can watch each other play video games, chat to other players, and celebrate the celebrities of a scene that many don’t even know exists. So, what is Twitch? In...

Twitch: TV for gamers
Interim injunctions in e-commerce
Interim injunctions in e-commerce and how to react
  • Digital law

Internet law is an extensive and complex concept. Anyone who fails to pay attention in e-commerce can easily run the risk of violating copyright, trademark, or competition rights, and promptly find themselves on the receiving end of an interim injunction. Our review article will explain what this legal proceeding means, how to go about procuring one, and what options you have when reacting to one....

Interim injunctions in e-commerce and how to react
Dereferrer | anonymizing links made easy
Anonymizing links – advantages and disadvantages of dereferrer
  • Technical matters

Privacy is one of the most important aspects of the Internet. Whoever wants to protect themselves will hopefully begin with one of the most basic elements of the World Wide Web: the hyperlink. References from one webpage to the other usually lead in one direction only – information exchange via HTTP, however, takes place in both directions. To prevent this from occurring, Internet users used to...

Anonymizing links – advantages and disadvantages of dereferrer
Cease-and-desist letters in e-commerce
Copyright law in e-commerce
  • Digital law

Legal disputes don’t necessarily have to be settled in court. In many cases, copyright law-related issues can be resolved outside of court using a cease-and-desist letter. In this guide, we provide an overview of what you should include in an official warning as well as a guide to responding to legal warnings.

Copyright law in e-commerce
NAT: How Network Address Translation works
NAT: Network Address Translation in the router
  • Know-how

NAT, the network address translation, is closely tied to the internet standard IPv4 and will disappear from the internet along with it. But the implementation of IPv6 is slow to take over, and many internet users worldwide still surf with the fourth version of the internet protocol. As a result, network address translation via NAT tables remains current. In our guide, we answer the questions: What...

NAT: Network Address Translation in the router