Human impartiality is an illusion when it comes to selecting samples or test subjects. The question is not whether selection bias has occurred in the data but rather whether one is aware of it, and if statistical bias has been accounted for to the best of one’s abilities. Examples of selection bias show just how far-reaching its consequences can be.
The standard format for Microsoft Word documents has been .docx since 2007. But what exactly does the file extension refer to and how does it differ from the previous .doc format? Learn about the special characteristics of this file type and which programs can save and store .docx files apart from Microsoft Word.
It is estimated that at least 85 percent of our purchasing decisions are made subconsciously. This decision-making process is thus susceptible to cognitive biases. In addition, there are statistical biases that are relevant to marketing. Our extensive list provides numerous examples of cognitive biases and reveals how they can potentially be used in business and marketing.
What happens when all your data is suddenly lost? By regularly creating backups, you won’t have to worry about that. But many users underestimate the importance of this. At the same time, backups on Windows are straightforward. It’s also easy to create backups on Windows 7. You only need to change a few settings.
New computers using Windows 10 today usually boot with a special interface. The Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) provides new functions and options for administrators and users. To better understand and get the most out of this advanced boot technology, you will need to become familiar with the basics of UEFI.
As in Windows, there is a shortcut that opens the Apple Task Manager. However, unlike the Windows version, the Mac Task Manager only lets you close programs. It doesn’t show you CPU load or energy usage. If you want to check these stats, you need to access the Mac Activity Monitor instead.
As a global computer network, the Internet provides the perfect foundation for gathering and distributing information. The World Wide Web, the most well-known Internet service, convincingly proves this fact. The older Usenet benefits from the Internet’s global network as well. In order to be able to transfer data, it relies on the unique NNTP, which is the focus of this article.
Using several programs at the same time has a noticeable impact on your computer’s performance. Many invisible processes run in the background that you may not know of. The Windows Task Manager provides an overview of all active applications and the option to end them. We show you the different options for opening the Task Manager.
The CAP theorem states that distributed systems can only guarantee two out of the following three points at the same time: consistency, availability, and partition tolerance. In this article, we will explain where the CAP theorem originated and how it is defined. We will then provide some concrete examples which prove the validity of Brewer’s theorem, as it is also called.
In the late 1990s, the XML-RPC specification laid the foundation for the basic practical interfaces of our modern web services. The precursor to technologies such as SOAP describes the simplest way to execute functions via RPC remote access. Here, you will learn what roles this XML format and the HTTP(S) transfer protocol play.